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The Enemy Within: Behind the Right-Wing Attack on the “Woke Military”

by George Black

Aug 22, 2022 | Politics

DOD Photo by Navy Petty Officer 1st Class Carlos M. Vazquez II

(This article is Part One of our two-part series on the far right’s campaign to discredit the current military leadership, establish control over the armed forces, and elect extremist ex-military candidates to public office – Ed.)

“To me this is personal. I first swore an oath to support and defend the Constitution against enemies foreign and domestic when I entered the U.S. Naval Academy at age seventeen. I spent two decades on ships at sea defending our nation from known and identifiable foreign enemies who sought to do us harm. I never imagined that that enemy would come from within.”—Rep. Elaine Luria (D-Va.), retired Navy commander, closing remarks at the July 20 hearing of the January 6 committee.

“The forces that Donald Trump ignited that day have not gone away. . . . That’s the elephant in the room.”—Rep. Adam Kinzinger (R-Ill.), retired Air Force lieutenant-colonel, closing remarks at the same hearing.

In the 19 months since the January 6, 2021, insurrection, a great deal has been written about far-right and white supremacist influences within the military and the recruitment of active-duty service members and veterans by paramilitary groups such as the Oath Keepers, 1st Amendment Praetorian, and the Three Percenters1. But as far as the pivotal role of the military in upholding our battered democracy is concerned, something much more consequential is now afoot.

Although January 6 committee members Reps. Elaine Luria and Adam Kinzinger are both themselves veterans, very little has been said about the military during the first eight rounds of public hearings of the committee. Retired Lt. Gen. Keith Kellogg, a veteran of the 101st Airborne Division and the Special Forces, former commanding general of the 82nd Airborne (which will play a significant role in this story), and national security adviser to Vice President Mike Pence, added some details to the description of Trump’s inaction on January 6. Gen. Mark Milley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, expanded on Trump’s silence that afternoon: “You’ve got an assault going on on the Capitol of the United States of America, and there’s nothing? No call? Nothing? Zero?”

Other than these vignettes, there was only a brief video clip of Lt. Gen. Michael Flynn—another veteran of the 82nd Airborne as well as the Joint Special Operations Command and the Defense Intelligence Agency, advocate of invoking the 1807 Insurrection Act and imposing martial law during Trump’s frantic attempt to hold on to the presidency—repeatedly taking the Fifth when asked about the ethical and legal propriety of blocking the peaceful transition of power.

Left unspoken was the fierce political battle now underway for institutional control of the military establishment, preparations for the role the uniformed military and the Department of Defense might play in a similar future crisis, and the grooming of a new generation of right-wing military veterans now running for dozens of marginal Senate and House seats and gubernatorial offices in the November midterm election. One of their prime targets, and one of their likeliest prospects for flipping a Democratic seat, is Virginia’s 2nd Congressional District. The incumbent in their crosshairs? Rep. Elaine Luria.

The integrity of the institutional military has become another battleground in our culture wars, centered on the charge that it has been infected with “wokeness,” systematically indoctrinated with alien ideas, notably through “critical race theory.” While attacks on “wokeness” and CRT have become a pervasive feature of most Republican campaigns, they have a special salience when applied to the military. This imagined strategy of indoctrination is seen by many far-right veterans as part of a Marxist plot to destroy the constitutional underpinnings of the Republic—and remember that we are a “republic,” not a “democracy,” according to one of the emerging mantras of the MAGA movement. The argument is that CRT, and “wokeness” in general, subvert a soldier’s enduring oath to the Constitution: to defend the nation against “all enemies, foreign and domestic”—even after they have hung up their uniforms.

It’s become commonplace to speak of January 6, 2021, as a rehearsal, a dry run—to understand that its protagonists have learned many lessons from their mistakes and that Insurrection 2.0 would not be driven by the clown-car antics of Rudy Giuliani and the MyPillow man, and may be led by smarter strategists than Donald Trump. The guardrails held this time, just barely, thanks mainly to honest state officials like Brad Raffensperger in Georgia and Russell “Rusty” Bowers in Arizona (ousted from office by a Trump-backed opponent in that state’s August 2 primary) and also to the threat of mass resignations by senior Justice Department officials when Trump tried to install Jeffrey Clark as acting attorney general to help overturn the results of the election, and Trump’s repeated failure to install pliable loyalists in the “power agencies” like the Department of Defense, the FBI, and the CIA.

But the most important guardrail of all, the ultimate guarantor of a peaceful democratic transition, is the military, and that wobbled in alarming ways during the final chaotic months of the Trump presidency. Avoiding a repeat of these wobbles has been one of the most important lessons learned by the far right since January 6, and if the campaign against the “woke military” succeeds, the implications for 2022 and 2024 are profound. Many forces are involved in driving this effort, but three in particular stand out: individuals and institutions affiliated with the Council for National Policy, or CNP, the secretive hub of right-wing activism that brings together conservative evangelicals, culture warriors and their favored media platforms, fossil fuel interests, and right-wing Republican Party operatives, especially of the Tea Party generation2; extremist veterans already serving in Congress and the many more who look likely to join them in November; and Steve Bannon, the former Trump adviser and firebrand podcaster convicted last month of criminal contempt of Congress.

Like so many elements of our culture wars, this one has its roots in the deep anxieties provoked during the tumultuous 1960s about the erosion of traditional gender roles, from the bedroom to the battlefield—the warrior being the ultimate expression of masculinity, ordained by divine providence.

The long-haired demonstrators who flocked to Washington to protest the war in Vietnam grew used to the constant menacing taunt: What are you, a boy or a girl? For shaven-headed teenagers passing through boot camp on their way to Vietnam, the transformation of boys into killers meant being derided, when they stumbled, as girls, ladies, pussies, faggots.

While the anti-war movement may have been the most threatening face of the counterculture, it converged with two other transformational (and more enduring) social movements that built on what had already been accomplished by the civil rights movement. Women’s rights were greatly advanced by Griswold v Connecticut, the Supreme Court’s 1965 decision establishing the right of married couples to use contraception, and further strengthened by Lyndon Johnson’s 1968 executive order prohibiting sex discrimination by government contractors and requiring affirmative action plans for hiring women. Gay rights activists, meanwhile, flexed their muscle in the 1969 Stonewall riot.

Just five days after the Supreme Court issued its decision on Roe v. Wade, the biggest of all steps to protect women’s rights, the January 1973 Paris Peace Agreement put an end to America’s misadventure in Southeast Asia. When the troops came home defeated, the attack by disaffected senior military officers on the weak politicians and faithless journalists who had supposedly “stabbed them in the back” quickly evolved into a fierce defense of the military as a bastion of masculinity.

It had not always been this way, as Kristin Kobes du Mez points out in her important 2020 book, Jesus and John Wayne: How White Evangelicals Corrupted a Faith and Fractured a Nation. The military had a second, progressive identity that was deeply upsetting to social conservatives. When the armed forces were integrated by Harry Truman in 1948, years before desegregation reached the rest of society, the change was supported by only 28 percent of the public. For many conservative evangelicals, the post–World War II military was seen as a hotbed of vice and immorality, a breeding ground for sexually transmitted diseases.

The fight to hold the line on perceived threats to the traditional family and to push back against the “feminization” or “emasculation” of the armed forces began right after the war in Vietnam. In 1976, just a year after the fall of Saigon, the U.S. Military Academy at West Point opened its doors to women, to the disgust of most male cadets. The following year, Phyllis Schlafly launched her successful campaign against the Equal Rights Amendment. In 1979, having declared that the military was an intrinsically Christian institution, Jerry Falwell founded the Moral Majority, which issued a “declaration of war” against homosexuality.

Schlafly, who was present at the creation of the CNP in 1981, never lost her focus on protecting the military from these alien influences. In 1984, she came to West Point and denounced the presence of women, to the supportive hoots and jeers of her still largely male audience. Right up to 2015, a year before her death at the age of 91, Schlafly was adding her signature to sign-on letters by ad hoc groups of retired military officers, CNP members, and other right-wing activists opposing the assignment of women to ground combat units. The Phyllis Schlafly Eagles, successor to the Eagle Forum, which she had founded in 1972, established a special award in 2018 to honor the legendary commander of the secret war in Southeast Asia, retired Maj. Gen. Jack Singlaub. Its first recipient was Lt. Gen. Mike Flynn. The head of the Schlafly Eagles is Ed Martin, a prominent CNP member, who is also the president of America’s Future—whose chairman is Mike Flynn.

The campaigns against evolving gender roles in the military had gathered pace in the intervening decades, in tandem with efforts to redefine American masculinity. Successive images of assertive manhood emerged as role models on the right: John Wayne, the quiet, rugged righter of wrongs; Sylvester Stallone’s vengeful Vietnam veteran, Rambo; Lt. Col. Oliver North, the heroic Marine prepared to lie, break the law, and engage in covert conspiracies in pursuit of higher ideals; and finally Donald Trump.

Perhaps du Mez’s most valuable insight is her dismantling of the myth that conservative evangelicals had to hold their noses in 2016 to vote for a man who was the antithesis of their core moral values. Du Mez argues that their knowledge of scripture was secondary, and in most cases quite shallow; what mattered most was their identity as a beleaguered community under siege from secular elites, and they saw in Trump a savior whose embrace of belligerent masculinity—backed, if necessary, by the threat of violence—could champion their cultural grievances and serve as an outlet for their rage.

Books about the gendered threat to the military poured off the conservative and religious presses during these years, from veterans like Army Officer Brian Mitchell, author of Weak Link: The Feminization of the Military (1989) and Women in the Military: Flirting With Disaster (1997), and the lawyer and academic theorist of evolution and gender Kingsley Brown, who followed up on his Biology at Work: Rethinking Sexual Equality (2002) with Co-Ed Combat: The New Evidence That Women Shouldn’t Fight the Nation’s Wars, published in 2007 as the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan were raging. These were accompanied by a second flood of books that sought to define a new, more aggressive, and explicitly “biblical” concept of masculinity. One especially explicit title was Jesus Was an Airborne Ranger: Find Your Purpose Following the Warrior Christ, by former Ranger chaplain John McDougall. Published in 2015, this set out to show that Christ was “a battle-scarred Combatant who stared death in the face and won,” and not someone too timid to operate behind enemy lines, “more like a daytime talk-show host than a dangerous Rescuer.”

The backlash against a more diverse military had accelerated in the Obama–Tea Party years. In 1994, under Bill Clinton, conservatives had succeeded in getting a ban on women in combat units and won a hard-fought compromise against gay men and women serving openly, with the policy known as Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell. But 2011 brought a series of setbacks. In that year, Obama repealed Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell; issued Executive Order 13583, “Establishing a Coordinated Government-Wide Initiative to Promote Diversity and Inclusion in the Federal Workforce”; and received the report and recommendations of the Military Leadership Diversity Commission, which he had requested two years earlier. Its opening sentence pointedly referred to the pioneering role the military had played in building a more equitable society, going back to its desegregation in 1948. Women had already more than proved their capacity to fight in Iraq and Afghanistan, and in 2013, Obama removed the last restrictions on their service in combat units. All of these reforms would find a voice in the Pentagon’s Office for Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion, which would later become a prime target for the far right as an emblem of the “woke military.”

The core arguments against gender diversity in the military had long been based on the supposed effect on combat readiness and troop morale. Women weren’t physically strong enough to be effective fighters; they had periods and PMS; they might get pregnant; sexual immorality would run riot if men and women, let alone homosexuals, were jostled together in barrack rooms and bunkers. For the powerful community of conservative evangelicals, who were cherry-picking the Bible for images of dominant, warlike manhood, the reforms were also a moral threat to God’s natural order.

However, there was a subtle but unmistakable shift during the Obama years in the character of the right-wing opposition to a military that more closely mirrored the diversity of American society. One distinctive feature of the modern conservative movement is that it spawns an apparently endless stream of sometimes formal and at other times ad hoc committees, councils, campaigns, and coalitions with overlapping membership rosters that come and go under a multitude of names, some little more than a letterhead, hatching and dying virtually overnight like mayflies. In 2010, for example, the Council for Military Readiness, which was founded by Elaine Donnelly, a protégé of Phyllis Schlafly’s, spawned the Military Culture Coalition. The new name was telling. While gender roles were still a central preoccupation, the agenda had expanded: the military was now depicted as a kind of petri dish for a larger program of social engineering. America’s warriors, Oliver North took to saying, were being used as the “lab rats” of the radical left.

Liberal supporters of greater diversity in the military could always point to the evidence that the Obama-era reforms enjoyed broad public backing. Polls showed that the percentage support for women in combat units and LGBTQ people serving openly ran consistently from the high 50s to the mid-60s. By the time the push began to remove the final barrier, allowing for transgender and gender-dysphoric individuals to enjoy the same rights, even that had 58 percent public support. (The changes were also broadly supported within the military itself, with the exception of the Special Forces and the Marines, both of which pride themselves on their skills in ground combat.) These numbers, liberals often pointed out, were remarkably similar to the levels of support for abortion in all or most cases and for more restrictive gun laws. To which the response of far-right conservatives was, in essence: So what?

Since the proliferation of right-wing think tanks and activist groups in the 1970s and early 1980s (the CNP was founded in 1981), their leaders have been clear that politics is not a numbers game. Getting a majority of the popular vote is irrelevant, as is the weight of public opinion. Securing minoritarian rule is an explicit goal. At a rally in Dallas in 1980, with Ronald Reagan in attendance, Paul Weyrich, one of the CNP’s three founders, declared, “I don’t want everybody to vote. Elections are not won by a majority of people. They never have been from the beginning of our country. As a matter of fact, our leverage in the elections, quite candidly, goes up as the voting populace goes down.”

Politics, in this conception, is about nothing but the single-minded pursuit of institutional power, to be taken and held by fair means or foul, notably including voter suppression and control of the federal courts. For conservative Republicans, this has meant understanding and exploiting the familiar structural idiosyncrasies of the American political system—the Electoral College; the filibuster; equal representation in the Senate for every state, regardless of population; as well as granular details like the Electoral Count Act of 1887, which few Americans had even heard of before January 6. All of these peculiarities work to the advantage of Republicans, cementing in place the effective veto power of the minority (“a poison,” Alexander Hamilton wrote, foreseeing the danger).

The harsh reality is that there is at this moment no politically feasible way for the Democratic Party to overcome any of these structural impediments to democracy. Nor, at the moment, is there a path to contest the most complete and radical victory of the unrepresentative right-wing minority—its seizure of the Supreme Court—by expanding the number of justices or introducing term limits.

What remain are the institutional guardrails, the most critical of which is the military.

In the early part of his administration, Trump liked to speak of “my generals.” Nothing flattered his narcissism more than the idea of being commander-in-chief of the world’s most powerful military and all its shiny toys. The first of these generals, of course, was Mike Flynn, but he lasted barely three weeks as national security adviser before being fired and replaced, briefly, by Keith Kellogg. He in turn gave way to Lt. Gen. H.R. McMaster, a top counterinsurgency expert in Iraq, who remained on active duty for the 14 months he spent as national security adviser. Another, more hawkish four-star general, Jim Mattis—variously known as “Mad Dog” or “Chaos,” a Marine and former head of U.S. Central Command, lasted two years as secretary of defense before resigning (in Mattis’s own account) or being fired (in Trump’s). Meanwhile, John Kelly, another four-star Marine veteran, spent an unhappy 18 months as White House chief of staff before he too fell by the wayside. (We now learn, from the forthcoming book by Peter Baker and Susan Glasser, The Divider: Trump in the White House, that Trump’s preferred model was Hitler’s subservient generals—with no apparent knowledge or interest in the fact that they tried three times to assassinate their Führer.)

Finally, there was the long-suffering chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Gen. Mark Milley, who stuck it out to the bitter end, trying furiously to rein in his rogue president during the chaotic closing days of his administration without actually crossing the line of disobedience to a direct order.
Once he was rid of “my generals,” they got the customary Trump treatment. If he had appointed them in the first place, it was all the fault of “RINOs”—Republicans in Name Only—in his administration. The generals came in for the familiar torrent of derision and abuse directed at anyone who crosses Trump:

Mattis? “The world’s most overrated general.”

Kelly? “Didn’t do a good job, had no temperament.”

Milley? “No courage or skill . . . a nutjob.”

Trump’s attack on Milley escalated, in a September 2021 interview with former White House press secretary Sean Spicer on Newsmax (the Avis of far right news organs and Trump’s current favorite outlet), to the point of calling him “a traitor to this country [who] should be tried for treason.”

All of this turmoil and churn speaks to the ultimate failure of the Trump administration, as it thrashed around in its own self-generated chaos. It’s this account, together with the story of how the military itself became embroiled in that chaos during the last seven months of the administration, and how the offensive against the “woke military” has gathered momentum since January 6, that holds the deeper lessons for 2024. Just as there will be no repeat of a Giuliani-style clown show, there will be no repeat of all the time, energy, and political momentum that was squandered by choosing high officials who proved in the end to be insufficiently loyal.

To recapitulate briefly the widely reported wobbles between the spring of 2020 and January 6, 2021:

On June 1, 2020, at the height of the Black Lives Matter protests, White House staff reportedly drafted a proclamation invoking the Insurrection Act, which gives the president the authority to use the armed forces to suppress civil unrest, and Trump called for 10,000 active-duty military to be deployed in the streets. Milley and Esper deflected these demands. On the same day, Milley, in uniform, was prevailed upon to accompany Trump on his infamous Bible photo-op in Washington’s Lafayette Square, a decision Milley quickly and bitterly regretted. (Baker and Glasser report that Milley drafted a letter of resignation accusing the president of embracing tyranny, dictatorship, and extremism—all the things the military had sworn an oath to oppose.)

The day after the Lafayette Square episode, Esper called a press conference to make clear that there would be no use of the Insurrection Act. Trump erupted in one of his customary rages and ordered the 82nd Airborne to take up position 30 minutes from the city. Esper persuaded him to back down. The most vocal advocate of the idea in Congress was Arkansas Senator Tom Cotton, himself a veteran of the 101st Airborne, whose inflammatory op-ed in The New York Times, headlined “Send in the Troops,” led to the resignation of the paper’s opinion editor, James Bennett.

Six days after the election, Secretary of Defense Esper (“weak and totally ineffective”) was fired, prompting CIA Director Gina Haspel to share with Milley her belief that “we are on the way to a right-wing coup.” Esper was replaced by Christopher Miller, a retired Special Forces colonel and expert in irregular warfare with thin credentials for the job, who described one of his most urgent policy priorities as elevating the role of elite combat units such as the Green Berets, Marine Raiders (the Corps’ version of the Special Forces), and Navy SEALS, even though the kind of wars in which they specialized, like Afghanistan and Iraq, were now winding down. Trump bolstered Miller with a group of far-right loyalists and conspiracy theorists: Kashyap (“Kash”) Patel, former senior director for counterterrorism at the National Security Council (reportedly recommended to Trump by Sean Hannity of Fox News) as the Department of Defense’s chief of staff; retired Brig. Gen. Anthony Tata, a veteran battalion commander in the 82nd Airborne and brigade commander in the 101st Airborne, as acting undersecretary for policy; and Ezra Cohen-Watnick, a veteran of the Defense Clandestine Service and protégé of Michael Flynn, as undersecretary of intelligence.

By the first week of December 2020, Flynn himself was urging martial law and the suspension of the Constitution, deploying the military to “oversee a re-vote.” The Department of Defense suspended all cooperation with the incoming Biden transition team. The January 6 committee has also now revealed the central role played during these weeks by Republican Rep. Scott Perry of Pennsylvania, a retired brigadier general who had served as a combat helicopter pilot in the Army’s 104th Aviation Regiment. It was Perry who acted as a go-between for Trump and Jeffrey Clark, his putative acting attorney general. And it was Perry who, on December 26, alerted White House chief of staff Mark Meadows to a supposed conspiracy by an Italian defense contractor to upload software to a satellite—subsequently dubbed Italygate—in order to switch Trump votes to Biden. Absurd though the claim was, Trump ordered Miller to investigate, and he complied. (Perry was named by former White House aide Cassidy Hutchinson as one of six Republican members of Congress who requested a pardon from Trump after January 6, and had his cell phone seized by the FBI a day after agents raided Trump’s residence at Mar-a-Lago.)

On the day before the assault on the Capitol, Trump told Miller to have 10,000 troops placed on standby, increasing Milley’s anxiety. He fretted about a “Reichstag moment . . . the Gospel of the Führer,” fearing that Trump, like Hitler in 1933, planned to stage an incident that would serve as a pretext to deploy the military to stay in power. But it won’t happen, he assured a friend. ‘They may try, but they’re not going to fucking succeed. You can’t do this without the military. . . . We’re the guys with guns.”

But there’s the rub. Who are “we”? And who will have control of the guns next time?

The notion that the Constitution itself was under threat from a “woke military” took shape within days of Biden taking office. The way in which it has crystallized since then into a slogan, or meme, follows a pattern familiar from earlier far-right campaigns. Anne Nelson, the author of Shadow Network3, uses the analogy of a river. First there is the source, the trickle that becomes a stream; the stream then joins with others to form a tributary; tributaries feed the main stem, until in the end the river has become a mighty surge on its way to the ocean.

In the case of the “woke military” meme, the first trickle appears to have been a book published in late 2019, Stand Down: How Social Justice Warriors Are Sabotaging America’s Military, by retired Capt. James Hasson, a graduate of the Army Ranger School. This attracted respectful review essays in places like The American Conservative and The Federalist (whose publisher is CNP member Mark Alexander). The story was then picked up by the Daily Caller (whose publisher, Neil S. Patel, is also a CNP member and co-founded the paper with Tucker Carlson). Hasson was invited to give a lecture at Hillsdale College in Michigan, the most important educational affiliate of the CNP. Next stop: the Tucker Carlson show.

Carlson, a uniquely influential voice on the extreme right, had now flagged the issue. But there matters rested until after Biden’s inauguration. There was no shortage of other priorities, notably two other streams that had already swollen into substantial tributaries in their own right. “Critical race theory,” hitherto an obscure framework of analysis in academia, had become a potent political buzz phrase in the summer of 2019 with the publication of The New York Times’ 1619 Project. The general idea of “wokeness” had also been around for years, but it was weaponized in response to the Black Lives Matter protests, though with no particular emphasis as yet on the military. But this is how multiple tributaries merge to form the larger river.

The tributaries of CRT and “wokeness” began to merge and gather volume in February 2021, when the new defense secretary, retired four-star Gen. Lloyd Austin, the first African-American to hold the position, ordered a Department of Defense–wide stand-down to reflect on the events of January 6 and the evidence of political extremism and white supremacism in the military, as well as continuing concerns about the high incidence of sexual assault. (Austin is another veteran of the 82nd Airborne, and it’s important to stress here that the airborne divisions aren’t intrinsically right-wing; what’s noteworthy is how many of the far-right retired officers now active in the “woke military” campaign and the MAGA movement served in these divisions and, equally important, the unique history of the 82nd being deployed to deal with civil disturbances within the United States.)

Laura Ingraham of Fox News may have been the first to wade into battle after the election, on February 4, 2021. Austin’s stand-down order was the first step, she said, of an effort to “rid the military of all strong conservatives and, of course, Trump supporters.” Pete Hegseth, also on Fox, identified a second target in Bishop Garrison, head of the Defense Department’s Office of Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion—another African-American, an Iraq veteran who, before this appointment, had worked as director of national security outreach at the nonprofit Human Rights First. To Hegseth, Garrison was “a powerful radical leftist,” the Pentagon’s “newly minted MAGA purge man.” Another Fox commentator, Rachel Campos-Duffy, then accused Michelle Obama of being the originator of the “stealth takeover” of the military by infecting it with identity politics.

But it takes a Tucker Carlson to turn the flow of the river into a torrent. The threat to militant masculinity has been a running theme in his recent shows, in which he bemoans the well-documented decline of testosterone in American men (which scientists attribute to factors that include obesity and other comorbidities, alcohol and drug use, lack of exercise, and exposure to environmental toxins). These complaints culminated in a special segment, “The End of Men,” the trailer for which includes bizarre images of a naked man whose penis appears either to have burst into flame or been irradiated by a silvery column rather like a miniature version of the monolith in 2001: A Space Odyssey.

As for the military, Carlson joined the fray in earnest in early March 2021 with a casual swipe at the Army’s new design of uniforms for pregnant women. On March 26, he went full bore, with a comprehensive takedown of the “woke military.”

Carlson is singularly adept at laying out the big picture and then finding illustrative cases that are guaranteed to further inflame the already angry MAGA base. There was no shortage of examples, of both the insidious influence of “wokeism” and the supposed purge of “patriots” in the military. Carlson attacked efforts to stem the tide of sexual abuse by taking investigations out of the hands of commanding officers, under whom too few complaints were being acted upon. This, he said, was a threat to the military’s essential chain of command. On March 29, Richard Torres-Estrada, chief of diversity and inclusion at U.S. Special Operations Command was temporarily removed from his post after it was discovered that one of his social media posts during the Black Lives Matter protests had compared Trump to Hitler. (After a short investigation, Torres-Estrada was reinstated.) A month or so later, active-duty Space Force Lt. Matthew Lohmeier became a cause célèbre for the right after he was relieved of command for comments on a right-wing talk radio show about his new book, Irresistible Revolution: Marxism’s Goal of Conquest and the Unmaking of the Military—a title that showed what was at stake here went far beyond the old concerns about changing gender roles.

Sometimes the red meat that Carlson relishes came gift-wrapped. A prime example was a pair of recruitment videos released in April and May 2021, one from the CIA featuring a woman of color identifying herself as “intersectional” and “a cisgender millennial,” and the other, a week later, from the Army—the cartoon story of Emma Malonelord, operator of a Patriot anti-missile battery, who fondly recalled attending marches for LGBTQ rights as a child with her two mothers.

Once Carlson has set forth the terms of the discussion, a familiar dynamic unfolds. First, the story ripples out through the far-right media ecosystem, swelling the outrage as it goes—from Fox to Breitbart, the Daily Caller, and the Epoch Times; to Newsmax and the One America News Network; to the Sinclair Broadcast Group, Salem Media (a powerhouse in the world of conservative Christian broadcasting and a frequent platform for leading members of the CNP); to the universe of talk radio shows most people have never heard of; to conservative pastors; to Facebook, Twitter, Parler, Gab, Telegram, Gettr, and the darker crevices of the web. The trickle that became the big river has now, so to speak, reached the ocean, and this is the point at which the political heavy hitters weigh in.

On May 21, 2021, Senator Ted Cruz seized on the Malonelord video, tweeting his disgust at our “woke, emasculated military.” American warriors were being turned into “pansies,” he said—contrasting them with the brawny, hypermasculine Russian army. During a Senate hearing on June 10, Tom Cotton, a white senator from a former Confederate slave state, took it upon himself to inform General Austin, the nation’s first African-American secretary of defense, that the military was experiencing “growing mistrust between the races and sexes where none existed just six months ago.” By the end of the month, Trump himself had added “woke generals” to the familiar list of grievances at his rallies—military leaders whom he accused of being more focused on political correctness than on fighting America’s enemies.

It was time now for the “woke military” to be elevated from slogan to the plane of electoral politics. Both Trump and Tucker Carlson share strong characteristics of what has been termed the “lizard brain,” adept at whipping up outrage and lashing out at enemies. But a more sophisticated kind of intelligence was now required, someone able to turn a meme into a coherent, comprehensive political strategy. Preferably this would be someone who, unlike Trump and Carlson, was himself a veteran. As it turned out, no one was better qualified for the task than Steve Bannon.

— — —

Part 2 of this story, forthcoming in The Washington Spectator, will examine Bannon’s push for far-right veterans to run for elected office; how these candidates, in contrast to those veterans presently serving in Congress, are drawn predominantly from the elite combat units within the military, notably the Navy SEALs; how their multi-ethnic backgrounds debunk the idea that the threat from the extreme right can be confined to “white nationalism”; and how their ambitions are related to an executive order issued by Trump two weeks before the 2020 election, allowing a future president to purge the Department of Defense and other key national security agencies of officials deemed disloyal.


George Black’s writing has appeared in The New Yorker, The New York Times Magazine and many other publications. His forthcoming book, The Long Reckoning: A Story of War, Peace, and Redemption in Vietnam, will be published by Knopf in March, 2023.


  1. See George Black, “All Enemies, Foreign and Domestic: The Road from Vietnam to the Capitol Steps,” Washington Spectator, April 27, 2021; and “Military Veterans, the Republican Party and January 6: A New Chapter in the Story,” Washington Spectator, June 21, 2021.[]
  2. The defining work on the CNP and the far right is Anne Nelson’s book Shadow Network: Media, Money, and the Secret Hub of the Radical Right, together with her numerous articles for The Washington Spectator. Disclosure: Nelson is this author’s wife.[]
  3. For one example of such a campaign, see Nelson, “Anatomy of Deceit: Team Trump Deploys Doctors With Dubious Qualifications to Push Fake Cure for Covid-19,” Washington Spectator, September 20, 2020.[]

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  1. While I share Mr. Black’s concerns, I must point out that the main villains of his story are civilian, never having served (Trump. Carlson, Cruz, Ingraham, etc,) The conservative shift of the military, well documented by Mr. Black, may be largely due to a factor not mentioned – the 1973 introduction of an all-voluntary armed forces. It left little incentive for individuals of the more progressive bent to enlist. The resulting military more closely reflects the average American, who is much more conservative than we thought prior to 2016.

  2. Excellent article. Much food for thought. Looking forward to Part II and I hope it offers some solutions. The split in the USA is nearly to a point where it can not be repaired. In my 77 year old mind democracy and the Republic is near death. The saddest part id those who so loudly scream for an end to wokeism will not like what they get when they finally have full power.

  3. “The Enemy Within” – Excellent, well-written and researched. What the **** happened to our military and who allowed this? – Vietnam veteran..

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